One of my favorite topics is taxes, or more specifically avoiding taxes. Every year I go to great lengths to delay or even avoid taxes to the fullest extent of the law. I max out my 401k, Roth IRA and HSA. I itemize and take huge deductions for property tax and mortgage interest but I still find myself looking for more ways to save. That might make me greedy but I really hate paying taxes, especially when I know that the money is going to get wasted by the government on stupid things.
Living in California doesn’t help matters either. There’s a hefty income tax and a nice plump sales tax on all goods sold across the state. But recently, I’ve discovered a way to avoid paying sales tax on certain food and beverage items. The rules are pretty complex and your results may vary but it’s definitely worth a shot.
I Eat Out a Lot
If you couldn’t tell by all my food related posts, I love to eat. I try to cook a few times a week but I also find myself eating out quite a bit. I don’t go to real fancy places, in fact, most of my meals outside the house are at small hole in the walls or anywhere cheap that has great food. Most of the time, I’ll eat lunch at a restaurant, but I almost always take dinner back home.
I was having lunch with a friend the other day and I noticed that he ordered his food “to go” even though we were eating in the restaurant. The place was a small hole in the wall sushi joint in a strip mall and the seating barely qualified as dining in but I didn’t know that some businesses won’t charge sales tax on “to go” items. Although the laws in every state are a little different(since we’re talking about state sales tax here), in California, cold food “to go” is not supposed to be subject to sales tax.
The sales tax law in California on food is extremely complex. Merchants are supposed to charge tax if 80% of their sales are from food and drinks and an additional requirement states that 80% of the food and drinks have to be able to consumed on site. Confused yet? Merchants can also petition the Board of Equalization to exempt to go hot foods(like coffee), bakery goods and cold food(like sushi or sandwiches).
The only problem is that it’s pretty much like the Wild West out there when it comes to enforcing all these rules. Some businesses follow the law, others don’t even know the law exists. I think it makes sense though to just always order your food “to go” and see if you get charged sales tax or not. Like I said, there are some pretty weird laws out there relating to sales tax and it can’t hurt to just get everything “to go”:
- In NY, you’ll have to pay tax if you want your bagel sliced.
- In CA, Coffee Bean won’t charge you sales tax, but Starbucks will.
- In OH, you don’t have to pay taxes on cold or hot food, as long as you order it to go.
Here’s a personal example of just how confusing the whole “for here” vs “to go” tax situation can be.
The Subway Conondrum
I decided to test out this theory over the past few months so I went in to Subway and ordered a chicken breast sandwich for $5. I got the bill and it was $5.44! ”Dammit, what the hell?” I asked the cashier. And she told me that since I got a hot sandwich, they have to charge tax on it. If I would have ordered a roast beef or a turkey sandwich, then there would be no sales tax.
A few weeks later, I went back into Subway and got a turkey sandwich with everything on it. I got the receipt and it was still $5.44! I asked why and the cashier told me that since I got the sandwich toasted, it’s now considered “hot” and I have to pay sales tax on it. See how confusing the whole thing can be?
There’s no way I was going to eat a third Subway sandwich so I stopped my experiment right there. But I’m assuming that if you order a truly cold sandwich from Subway and take it “to go” you won’t have to pay taxes on it. I guess this is just one example of why our tax code is so messed up since I need a CPA just to figure out the true cost of my freaking sandwich.
Readers, have you ever noticed a difference in sales tax price on food “for here” vs. “to go”? If so, what state are you in and do you always order “to go” or are the savings not worth it?
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-Harry @ PF Pro